“Lend” or “Borrow”: The Difference and Examples

When you lend something to someone, you do it for free. (When you charge money for the item, it is usually called loaning or renting). The difference is the direction of the object.

  • Why do we specify ‘or something of equal value‘ here?
  • I was struggling with the difference between the 2 words.
  • His benefactor wiped the slate clean, with ethical and potential tax consequences.
  • The meaning is the same but the focus is different.

I just want to know how to use the words “borrow” and “lend” in a situation. Is it correct to say, “Could you lend me a pen?” or ” Can I borrow your pen?” Thank you very much. The borrower always has the lower hand as the lender has the security and can be sold if the borrower fails to repay the lender’s money. For example, a company brought stationery stock on credit here; the company is borrowing goods where they will provide security like a bill of exchange which can be later discounted from the bank. To borrow something means to receive something as a loan/temporarily.

Join millions of English learners worldwide who are improving every day with engVid. As with ‘borrow’, you don’t usually talk about lending things that can’t move. Again, you would use the verb ‘use’ instead.She brought them mugs of coffee and let them use her bath.

Synonyms of ‘Borrow’

Notice that the prepositions that often follow the verbs are different. We borrow from someone, but we lend to someone. These two words are a source of trouble for many English learners. They have about the same meaning, but each word’s action goes in different directions.

For example, ‘lie’ and ‘lay’, ‘house’ and ‘home’, and so on. I have difficulty between ‘in’ and ‘on’ when using time expression. For instance, ‘On the weekend’ or ‘In the weekend’. If you need help sorting through other confusing words, you can check out other articles that will help expand your vocabulary and linguistic understanding all in one place. Practise the difference between borrow and lend in the exercises.

Both verbs express a temporary state; the object in question will be returned at some point. At the top of this post, we used two example sentences. I built a table to give examples and compare borrow and lend in different verb tenses. You can use each of these words in a sentence to explain the same action BUT – BORROW and LEND use different grammar. The subject and/or object of the sentence are not the same. I need to sign my name on a receipt, but I do not have a pen.

Using “Borrow” to Take

I have had success explaining this to my students by comparing lend and borrow with the verbs give and get. Therefore, we may say that both of these words describe the action of somebody temporarily giving something to somebody else. Also, these are used for the same situation but from different perspectives.

“borrow” and “lend” describe this same situation but from different perspectives. You can find more great English blog posts below to help with your confusing English questions. Keep reading for a detailed look at these 2 verbs and never confuse them again. This has been great for my private English students in Japan and I’m sure it will help you too. The first sentence focuses on the action of the child, while the second focuses on the parents. The meaning is the same but the focus is different.

Recent articles & lessons

A similar example is- borrow vs. lend where both are such homophones. These are considered as the common verbs which are confusing for many learners of English. Whether you need to use lend or borrow depends on the subject of your sentence.

If a sentence has an error, change it to make it correct. In addition, the Internal Revenue Service treats debt forgiveness as income to the borrower. In a statement to The Times this summer, Mr. Welters said the loan had been “satisfied” in 2008.

She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Borrowing often generates income for the lender, as they will get the principal sum with the decided interest rate and security rate. Borrowing means getting something like a commodity like gold or money at credit, and assurance like collateral or a bill of exchange is provided. English which determines whether the person is qualified as a proficient intermediate or an introductory speaker, is the universally accepted language.

Online English lessons

This table shows that though ‘lend’ and ‘borrow’ appear to have similar meanings, they can never be treated synonymously, and neither can they be used interchangeably. For students who previously got confused about how or when to use the words ‘lend’ and ‘borrow’, this table will help them understand how they can use these words correctly in sentences of their own. Once they understand the difference between these words, they can apply them in the correct context. Can you tell what is the difference between the words ‘lend’ and ‘borrow’? Most people think that both these words are the same and can be used interchangeably.

Phrases with ‘Borrow’

In conclusion, though the words ‘lend’ and ‘borrow’ mean giving someone something, they can neither be used synonymously nor can be used interchangeably. This article points out the difference between ‘lend’ and ‘borrow’ to make it easier for students to put them in sentences correctly. types of expenditures Apart from this, BYJU’S also offers various articles on many such ‘Differences Between Two Words’ that students often get confused with. This article will be helpful for understanding borrow vs. lend usage in the sentences. These two words are troublesome for many English learners.

So, imagine yourself in the middle of the picture. But, on the other hand, things you “lend” go away from you. Another difference between the words is how they are both conjugated. The simple past and past participle of lend is lent (rather than lended); the simple past and past participle of borrow is borrowed as it is a regular verb. Remember that, the prepositions which often follow the verbs are different. We borrow from someone, whereas we lend to someone.

Almost every student is confused with these kinds of questions. So this article will walk you through everything that you need to know about the words ‘lend’ and ‘borrow’. Once students go through this article, it will be easier for them to understand and use these terms correctly in sentences. If you’re confused about the difference between borrow vs lend, we’re about to explain what each word means and how to use them correctly in a sentence. We have included plenty of example sentences, along with some examples of incorrect usage, to make everything clearer to you.

Once students understand this difference between the words ‘lend’ and ‘borrow’, they can easily use them in the proper contexts. Another incorrect use of borrow and lend comes from forgetting that the item in question should be returned. If the item will be consumed or used in some other way that means it cannot (or should not) be returned, try using have, take, use or give instead.

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